A doctor can diagnose gastritis by symptoms alone
Your doctor may order the following tests to diagnose gastritis:
- Complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia or low blood count
- Examination of the stomach with an endoscope (esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD) with biopsy of stomach lining
- H. pylori tests (breath test or stool test)
- Stool test to check for small amounts of blood in the stools, which may be a sign of bleeding in the stomach
All people with gastritis have symptoms.
Many people with gastritis don’t have any symptoms.
If symptoms occur, they include ____________
The following are the symptoms you may notice when they occur:
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in the upper part of the belly or abdomen
- Black stools
- Vomiting blood or coffee-ground like material
Acute gastritis and chronic gastritis are the same.
Gastritis that occurs for only a short time is called acute gastritis. Gastritis is called chronic gastritis if it lingers for months to years.
Some less common causes can also contribute to gastritis.
The following are the less common causes of gastritis:
- Autoimmune disorders (such as pernicious anemia)
- Bile reflux (bile flows back into the stomach)
- Cocaine abuse
- Eating or drinking caustic or corrosive substances (such as poisons)
- Extreme stress
- Viral infection, such as cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus (usually occurs in people with a weak immune system)
Most common cause of gastritis are __________
Trauma or a severe, sudden illness such as a major surgery, kidney failure, or being placed on a breathing machine may cause gastritis. The following are the most common causes of gastritis:
- Certain medicines, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen and other similar drugs
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- H. pylori Infection of the stomach
Which type of medications is recommended by your doctor to reduce acid in the stomach?
Your doctor may recommend using the following over-the-counter and prescription medications to decrease the amount of acid in the stomach:
- H2 antagonists: famotidine (Pepsid), cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and nizatidine (Axid)
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs): omeprazole (Prilosec), esomeprazole (Nexium), iansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (AcipHex), and pantoprazole (Protonix)
- Antibiotics to treat chronic gastritis caused by infection with H. pylori bacteria.
Gastritis refers to an inflammatory disease of ____________
Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the lining of the stomach.
A doctor treats gastritis depending on what is causing it.
Treatment depends on what is causing the problem. Some of the causes will go away over time.The doctor may ask you to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other medicines that may be causing gastritis.