Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as ..…
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition characterized by a man’s inability to achieve and maintain an erection long enough for vigorous sexual performance. It is commonly called impotence. Most men with this condition also exhibit symptoms of reduced sex drive or libido. ED affects millions of men around the world. Erectile dysfunction is a treatable condition.
What treatments or medications are available to treat erectile dysfunction?
Oral medications are the recommended to treat ED. Medications such as sildenafil citrate (Viagra), vardenafilHCl (Levitra), and tadalafil (Cialis) help restore erectile function by increasing blood flow to the penis. Another drug alprostadil (Caverject, Edex, and Muse) can be injected directly into the side of the penis or can be inserted (suppository) into the urethra at the tip of the penis to get strong erection.
Erectile dysfunction causes low testosterone (low T).
Low testosterone level is one of the causes of erectile dysfunction, but ED does not cause low testosterone. Apart from causing ED, low testosterone also causes decrease in sex drive (libido) and reduced sexual activity.
How many men in the U.S. suffer from erectile dysfunction?
About 30 million men in the U.S. are affected by erectile dysfunction. Most men have occasional problem with getting or maintaining an erection, but some men have the problem more frequently or severely.
Surgery of prostate to remove cancer can lead to ED.
Surgical removal of prostate cancer (radical prostatectomy) can lead to erectile dysfunction. Nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy is believed to reverse ED.
Erectile dysfunction can be a warning sign for what type of disease(s)?
One of the main causes of erectile dysfunction is atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) in the arteries supplying blood to the penis. This can be a sign of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases, which cause heart diseases.
Aging is one of the causes of erectile dysfunction.
Aging is not the cause of ED. Many changes occur in the body as men age including some underlying diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, or diabetes. Treating the underlying disease can restore erectile function.
Which of the following statements about ED is true?
Many types of prescription medications, such as high blood pressure medications, can cause erectile dysfunction as a side effect. Recreation drugs like marijuana, heroin, and cocaine can also cause ED. Other causes such as surgery, depression, anxiety, stress, marital problems, and performance anxiety can affect sexual performance.
Surgical methods for ED include artery bypass and vein repair
Surgery is another treatment option in some cases of erectile dysfunction. Surgical intervention is aimed at repairing arteries to restore blood flow to the penis that may be cause by a blockage or leakage. Surgery for ED may involve: - Repair of leaking veins that prevent maintaining an erection - Bypassing blocked arteries to re-route blood to the penis - Blocking veins that take blood away from the penis
Erectile dysfunction (ED) can be caused by both physical and psychological conditions.
Erectile dysfunction can be caused by physical factors such as insufficient blood flow to the penis, inability to store blood in the penis during an erection, and nerve signals from the brain or spinal cord do not reach the penis. Psychological causes such as stress, anxiety, or depression can cause erectile dysfunction. In some cases a mix of physical and psychological issues causes ED symptoms. Medications, alcohol, or drugs also can cause erectile dysfunction.
Which one of these is not a risk factor for erectile dysfunction?
Genetics or family history is not risk factors for erectile dysfunction. Risk factors for developing ED are high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, excessive alcohol intake, obesity, sedentary lifestyle.